國家民族:項目簡介
National Issues:A brief Description
 
   
本項目簡介會隨著社會變化和大眾需要而不斷更新
The content of this page will be updated from time to time to match societal changes and community needs.
 
民研計劃為甚麼要定期研究台灣問題?
Why should HKUPOP conduct regular surveys on Taiwan issues?
 
民研計劃還有研究什麼關於民族問題的調查?
What are the other national issues studied by HKUPOP?
 
民研計劃的調查涉及台灣問題會否干預台灣內政?
What are the other national issues studied by HKUPOP?
 
台灣問題調查簡介
Taiwan issues
 
十大內地及台灣政治人物調查簡介
Top 10 political figures in Mainland China and Taiwan survey
 
市民對各地政府觀感調查簡介
Mapping people's feelings towards different governments
 
巿民身分認同調查簡介
Mapping people's opinions towards ethnic identity
 
 
民研計劃為甚麼要定期研究台灣問題?

民研計劃在成立後兩年,即1993年,已經開始定期調查香港巿民對台灣問題的意見。題目包括台灣獨立、台灣加入聯合國、香港巿民對台灣政府的信任程度和對兩岸統一的信心。及至1996年,香港回歸在即,「一國兩制」是否適用於台灣地區的問題成為兩岸民眾關注的焦點,民研計劃又把該問題納入長期研究的項目。民研計劃進行有關調查的動機,簡而言之,就是因為巿民關注有關問題,而非基於任何政治立場。部分網民批評民研計劃進行有關調查是干預台灣內政,是一種誤解。

(初版:2006年3月17日新聞公報之附加資料)

Why should HKUPOP conduct regular surveys on Taiwan issues?

Two years after HKUPOP was established, in 1993, we began our regular surveys on Hong Kong people’s views on different Taiwan issues. They include: Taiwan independence, Taiwan joining the United Nations, Hong Kong people’s trust of the Taiwan government, and people’s confidence in cross-strait reunification. By 1996, shortly before Hong Kong’s handover, whether “one country, two systems” should be equally applicable to Taiwan or not became a talking point for peoples across the Strait. HKUPOP therefore added it to the pool of tracking questions. Put it simple, the reason why HKUPOP conducted these surveys is just because they reflect people’s concern, and nothing to do with any overt or covert political stands. Some online readers criticized HKUPOP for intervening Taiwan’s internal politics by conducting these surveys. They have completely misunderstood us.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 17 March 2006)

 

     
民研計劃還有研究什麼關於民族問題的調查?

以定期調查計,除了台灣問題外,民研計劃還有調查巿民身份認同感、對中央政府的信任程度、對中國前途及「一國兩制」的信心、對六四事件及香港回歸的意見、對兩岸政治人物的評分、與台獨問題同步進行的藏獨問題、以及近年在澳門地區開展的各項定期調查題目。

(初版:2006年3月17日新聞公報之附加資料)

What are the other national issues studied by HKUPOP?

Counting only regular tracking surveys other than those on Taiwan issues, HKUPOP has been monitoring Hong Kong people’s strength of ethnic identity, their trust in the Central Government, their confidence in the future of China and “one country, two systems”, their views on June 4 and Hong Kong’s handover, their ratings of political figures in Mainland China and Taiwan, their receptiveness of Tibet independence in parallel to their receptiveness of Taiwan independence, as well as new topics covered in regular surveys conducted in Macau in recent years.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 17 March 2006)

 

     
民研計劃的調查涉及台灣問題會否干預台灣內政?

民研計劃在成立後兩年,即1993年,已經開始定期調查香港巿民對台灣問題的意見。題目包括台灣獨立、台灣加入聯合國、香港巿民對台灣政府的信任程度和對兩岸統一的信心。及至1996年,香港回歸在即,「一國兩制」是否適用於台灣地區的問題成為兩岸民眾關注的焦點,民研計劃又把該問題納入長期研究的項目。1997年7月香港回歸後,民研計劃又把在1995年7月已經開展的「五大中國領導人評分」調查,發展成為「十大內地及台灣政治人物評分」調查,進一步探討巿民對兩岸問題的意見和認識。

民研計劃認為,只要是巿民關注的問題和數據有參考價值,民研計劃便應該盡量撥出資源進行定期調查。這種做法,並非基於任何政治取向,而是基於民意研究者的一種社會責任。事實上,撇開香港巿民的民族立場和台灣問題的性質不談,在先進的民主自由社會之中,只要是民眾關注的問題,媒體和調查機構都會不時探討本國國民對其他國家民族的意見和觀感,不分地域和種族界限。這種趨勢,在全球一體化的發展下已經變得愈來愈普遍。

歷年來,民研計劃在公佈涉及台灣問題的民意數據後,不時會收到可能是來自台灣網民的意見,認為有關調查屬於干預台灣內政。這些批評,有些寫得含蓄,有些比較偏激,但都是基於對民意研究工作的誤解。事實上,不少台灣媒體和調查機構也會不時探討台灣民眾對香港和大陸問題的見解,也是非常健康和正常的發展。

(初版:2006年4月4日新聞公報之附加資料)

Would HKUPOP's research on Taiwan issues interfere with its internal politics?

Two years after HKUPOP was established, in 1993, we began our regular surveys on Hong Kong people's views on different Taiwan issues. They include: Taiwan independence, Taiwan joining the United Nations, Hong Kong people's trust of the Taiwan government, and people's confidence in cross-strait reunification. By 1996, shortly before Hong Kong's handover, whether "one country, two systems" should be equally applicable to Taiwan or not became a talking point for peoples across the Strait. HKUPOP therefore added it to the pool of tracking questions. In July 1997, HKUPOP expanded its "Top 5 Chinese leaders" rating surveys which dates back to July 1995 to become "Top 10 political figures in Mainland China and Taiwan", in order to further study people's knowledge and opinions on cross-strait issues.

HKUPOP believes that as long as people are concerned with certain issues, and that opinion data arising from such issues are of good reference value, it should spare resources to conduct regular surveys on such issues. This has nothing to do with any political orientation, but is part of opinion researchers' social responsibility. In fact, not mentioning Hong Kong people's positions on patriotic issues and the nature of the Taiwan issue itself, in a modern liberal democratic society, the media and survey organizations regularly examine its own people's opinions and feelings towards other nations and races, beyond geographical and ethnic boundaries. This trend has become more popular under the development of globalization.

For many years, after HKUPOP releases the findings related to Taiwan issues, HKUPOP often receives criticisms possibly from Taiwan internet-users for interfering with the internal affairs of Taiwan. These criticisms, some mild some severe, are really based on the misunderstanding of public opinion research work at large. In fact, quite a number of media and research organizations in Taiwan also conduct surveys on Taiwan people's opinion on Hong Kong and Mainland issues. These are also quite normal and healthy exercises.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 4 April 2006)

 

     
台灣問題調查簡介

不管是在殖民地或是「一國兩制」的時代,香港都是中國領土的一部分。民研計劃就國家民族進行意見調查,是順理成章的做法。因此,在調查巿民對本土問題意見之餘,民研計劃很早便撥出資源定期進行台灣問題及前國家領導人功過評價的調查。以下集中介紹「台灣問題」調查的發展,關於「前國家領導人功過評價」的調查發展,則容後介紹: 
  • 民研計劃在成立後兩年,即1993年6月,已經開始定期調查香港巿民對台灣問題的意見。題目包括台灣獨立、台灣加入聯合國、香港巿民對台灣政府的信任程度和對兩岸統一的信心。及至1996年11月,香港回歸在即,「一國兩制」是否適用於台灣地區的問題成為兩岸民眾關注的焦點,民研計劃又把該問題納入長期研究的項目。台灣問題的調查由開始至2000年4月都是每兩個月進行一次,2000年6月之後漸次改為每三個月進行一次,以配合社會的發展。 
  • 「台灣問題」調查中4個問題的提問方式分別為「你有無信心大陸同台灣終於能夠統一?」、「你贊唔贊成台灣重新加入聯合國?」、「你贊唔贊成台灣獨立?」及「你認為『一國兩制』呢種制度是否適用於台灣地區?」 
  • 樣本數目方面,由調查開始至2000年4月期間,調查的樣本數目都稍為超過500個,在2000年6月以後,有關調查的樣本數目就增加至1,000個以上。 

民研計劃於1997年5月或以前所進行的「台灣問題」調查,結果都在由民研計劃發行的《民意快訊》中發表。及至2000年6月《民意網站》成立後,有關台灣獨立和對兩岸統一的信心在2002年4月開始透過網站向外公佈,至於「一國兩制」是否適用於台灣地區及台灣加入聯合國的問題則分別在2004年6月及2005年3月開始透過網站向外公佈。而以往透過民研計劃刊物《民意快訊》發表的調查結果,亦以不同形式上載到網站之中。

(初版:2006年9月19日新聞公報之附加資料)

Taiwan issues

Be it under British colonial rule or under "one country, two systems", Hong Kong has always been part of China. It thus seems natural for HKUPOP to survey people's opinion on Chinese national and ethnical issues, if we can squeeze some resources. This is exactly what we did, when we embarked on conducting the regular surveys on Taiwan issues and the appraisal of deceased Chinese leaders long time ago. We explain the development of the former series below, and reserve the latter for the future: 
  • Two years after HKUPOP was established, in 1993, we began our regular surveys on Hong Kong people's views on different Taiwan issues. They include: Taiwan independence, Taiwan joining the United Nations, Hong Kong people's trust of the Taiwan government, and people's confidence in cross-strait reunification. By 1996, shortly before Hong Kong's handover, whether "one country, two systems" should be equally applicable to Taiwan or not became a talking point for peoples across the Strait. HKUPOP therefore added it to the pool of tracking questions. Starting from April 2000, the survey was conducted once every two months but in June 2000, its frequency was changed to once every three months to cope with the social conditions. 
  • In terms of wording, the 4 questions used in the questionnaire are "Are you confident in the ultimate reunification of Taiwan and Mainland China?", "Do you agree to Taiwan rejoining the United Nations?", "Do you agree to Taiwan becoming independent?" and "Do you think "One country, two systems" is applicable to Taiwan?" 
  • Regarding sample size, from the beginning to April 2000, the sample size of Taiwan issues survey was set at slightly over 500. From June 2000 onwards, it was increased to at least 1,000. 

Our first findings of Taiwan issues surveys in May 1997 or before were published in our newsletter POP Express. After our HKU POP Site was established in June 2000, the issues on Taiwan independence and cross-trait reunification were released online. The findings on the applicability of "one country, two systems" in Taiwan and its rejoining the United Nations were released online since June 2004 and March 2005, respectively. All previous findings published in our POP Express were also uploaded on-line in various formats.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 19 September 2006)

 

     
十大內地及台灣政治人物調查簡介

民研計劃在成立後兩年,即1993年,已經開始定期調查香港巿民對台灣問題的意見。1997年7月香港回歸後,民研計劃又把在1995年7月已經開展的「五大中國及台灣政治人物評分」調查,發展成為「十大內地及台灣政治人物評分」調查,進一步探討巿民對兩岸問題的意見和認識。民研計劃認為研究內地及台灣政治人物是基於民意研究者的一種社會責任,並非基於任何政治取向。在先進的民主自由社會之中,只要是民眾關注的問題,媒體和調查機構都會不時探討本國國民對其他國家民族的意見和觀感,不分地域和種族界限。以下集中介紹「十大內地及台灣政治人物」調查的發展: 
  • 民研計劃在成立後四年,即1995年6月,已經展開五大中國及台灣領導人的評分調查。題目包括香港巿民對兩岸領導人的認知和支持度。及至1997年5月,香港回歸在即,為了擴展調查領域和使評分更具代表性,調查由「五大」改為「十大」,結果於1997年6月第一次正式對外公佈。五大中國及台灣領導人的評分調查由開始至完結都是每兩個月進行一次,「十大」評分的頻率則由開始至1997年10月期間仍然保持每兩個月進行一次,之後漸次改為每四個月進行一次,以配合社會的發展。直至2000年9月,調查頻率再次變動,由2001年3月至今都是每半年進行一次。
  • 「五大」及「十大」調查同樣分成兩個階段進行,提問方式亦相同。第一階段提名調查方式為「請你講出最認識五個/十個當今中國及台灣領導人既名字。」,而評分調查的提問方式則為「而家想請你用0-100分評價你對XXX既支持程度,0分代表絕對唔支持,100分代表絕對支持,50分代表一半半,你會俾幾多分XXX呢?」。 
  • 樣本數目方面,「五大」由調查開始至完結,樣本數目都稍為超過500個,而「十大」由調查開始至2000年1月的樣本數目都稍為超過500個,2000年5月以後有關調查的樣本數目就增加至1,000個以上。 
  • 民研計劃於1996年11月或以前所進行的「五大」調查以及於1997年7月或以前所進行的「十大」調查,結果都在由民研計劃發行的《民意快訊》中發表。及至2000年6月《民意網站》成立後,有關「十大」調查在2002年4月開始透過網站向外公佈,而以往透過民研計劃刊物《民意快訊》發表的「十大」調查結果,亦以不同形式上載到網站之中,而以往「五大」調查的結果則會在日後上載。

(初版:2006年9月28日新聞公報之附加資料)

Top 10 political figures in Mainland China and Taiwan survey

Two years after HKUPOP was established, in 1993, we began our regular surveys on Hong Kong people's views on different Taiwan issues. In July 1997, we expanded our "Top 5 Chinese leaders" rating surveys which dates back to July 1995 to become "Top 10 political figures in Mainland China and Taiwan", in order to further study people's knowledge and opinions on cross-strait issues. We believe that as long as people are concerned with certain issues, we should find resources to conduct regular surveys on such issues. This has nothing to do with any political orientation, but is part of opinion researchers' social responsibility. In a modern liberal democratic society, the media and survey organizations should regularly examine people's opinions and feelings towards other nations and races, beyond geographical and ethnic boundaries. The development of HKUPOP's "Top 10 political figures in Mainland China and Taiwan" survey is as follows: 
  • Four years after HKUPOP was established, in June 1995, we began our regular surveys on the ratings of top 5 Chinese leaders. The questions include Hong Kong people's recognition and extent of support towards cross-strait political leaders. In May 1997, shortly before Hong Kong's handover, in order to increase the scope and representativeness of the survey, it was expanded from "Top 5" to "Top 10", and the results of the expanded survey were released to public in June 1997 for the first time. From the beginning to its end, the "Top 5" survey was conducted once every two months. For the "Top 10" survey, its frequency was changed from once every two months in the beginning until October 1997, to once every four months in order to cope with the changing social conditions. Starting from March 2001, the frequency was changed again and the survey is now conducted once every six months. 
  • Both "Top 5" and "Top 10" surveys are conducted in two stages. The question wordings are also the same. In the naming stage, the wordings used in the questionnaire are "Please name up to a certain number of contemporary political leaders in Mainland China and Taiwan that you are most familiar with." and multiple responses are allowed. In the rating stage, the question used is "Please use a scale of 0-100 to rate your extent of support to XXX, with 0 indicating absolutely not supportive, 100 indicating absolutely supportive and 50 indicating half-half. How would you rate XXX?" 
  • Regarding sample size, from the beginning to the end, the sample size of "Top 5" survey was set at slightly over 500. As for the "Top 10" survey, the sample size from the beginning to January 2000 was set at slightly over 500. From May 2000 onwards, it was increased to at least 1,000. 
  • Our findings of "Top 5" surveys conducted in or before September 1996, and those of "Top 10" surveys conducted in or before July 1997, were published in our newsletter POP Express. After our HKU POP Site was established in June 2000, our "Top 10" surveys were released online since April 2002. All previous findings published in our POP Express were also uploaded on-line in various formats, while those of "Top 5" surveys would be uploaded soon.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 28 September 2006)

 

     
市民對各地政府觀感調查簡介

世界不斷進步,巿民除了要關心本地社會的發展,也要放眼四方,建立正確的世界觀念。在香港主權回歸中國前後,民意研究計劃便開始探討香港巿民的國際視野。這個發展,差不多與民研計劃拓展國家民族調查系列同步進行。有關市民對各地政府觀感調查的發展如下: 
  • 調查於1997年4月開始,提問方式為「整體黎講,你對XXX政府有幾好感或者反感呢?」,被問及的各地政府包括香港、大陸、英國、台灣、日本及美國,調查初期以每年兩次不定期進行,在2001年稍作停頓後,在2002年重新以每年一次的頻率進行調查,迄今不變。至於有關加拿大、澳洲、俄羅斯、印度、菲律賓、印尼、越南、新加坡及澳門政府的調查則是在1997年9月開始,提問方式一樣,但就以每年一次的頻率進行調查,除了2001年沒有調查外,迄今不變。唯一例外,是關於澳門政府的調查,在1997年進行一次後,便要到2004年才重新開始,每年一次。
  • 樣本數目方面,自開始至1999年期間,每次「市民對各地政府觀感」調查的樣本數目都稍為超過500個,而在2000年以後,每次調查的樣本就增加至起碼1,000個。「市民對澳門政府觀感」方面,自2004年開始,調查的樣本數目已由500個增加至起碼1,000個。
  • 民研計劃於1998及1999年所進行有關大陸、英國及香港特區的調查,結果都在由民研計劃發行的《民意快訊》中發表,現已透過不同形式上載到《民意網站》。至於其他數字,則今日首次透過《民意網站》向外公佈。

(初版:2006年12月5日新聞公報之附加資料)

Mapping people's feelings towards different governments

As the world progresses, Hong Kong people need to know and care more about the world, on top of their concern for local matters. Around the time of Hong Kong's handover, we at HKUPOP began to measure Hong Kong people's global views, while at the same time stepping up our surveys on national issues. Herewith some details regarding the development of our survey of people's feelings towards different governments: 
  • In April 1997, our survey series on people's feelings towards different governments began. The wordings used in the questionnaire being "On a whole, do you have positive or negative feelings towards XXX government?" We first measured people's feelings towards the Hong Kong, Mainland, British, Taiwanese, Japanese and American governments. Surveys were conducted twice every year at irregular intervals, and after a pause in 2001, we rescheduled our surveys in 2002 to once a year. It has remained unchanged since then. As for people's feelings towards the Canadian, Australian, Russian, Indian, Filipino, Indonesian, Vietnamese, Singaporean and Macau governments, we began our survey in September 1997 using the same wordings, but our schedule was to conduct one survey every year. Except for 2001 when no survey was conducted, our schedule has remained unchanged, except for Macau. We first measured people's feeling towards the Macau Government in 1997, then stopped, and resumed our survey in 2004 once very year. 
  • Regarding sample size, from the beginning to 1999, the sample size of "people's feelings towards different governments" survey was set at slightly over 500, while beginning from 2000, it was increased to at least 1,000. As for "people's feelings towards the Macau SAR government, since 2004, the sample size has been changed from slightly over 500 to at least 1,000. 
  • The findings of our surveys on "people's feelings towards the Mainland, British and HKSAR governments" conducted in 1998 and 1999 had been published in our newsletter POP Express, which have also been uploaded on-line at our HKU POP Site. As for the other figures, they are released via our HKU POP Site today for the first time.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 5 December 2006)

 

     
巿民身分認同調查簡介

不管是在殖民地或是「一國兩制」的時代,香港都是中國領土的一部分。民研計劃在資源許可下就國家民族問題進行意見調查,是順理成章的做法。況且,身分認同感從來都是社會研究的重要一環。因此,民研計劃在香港回歸後便立即開展香港巿民的身分認同進行意見調查。調查分成兩個系列,第一個系列關於市民的身份類別認同,以及對香港人或中國人身份的認同程度,第二個系列則查詢市民本身的身份類別及對國民身份的意見。以下集中介紹有關調查第一個系列的發展,關於調查第二個系列的發展,則容後介紹: 
  • 民研計劃自1997年8月開始定期調查香港巿民對身分認同(第一個系列)的意見。調查頻率由開始至2000年6月都是每兩個月進行一次,然後在2000年9月至2003年12月期間改為每三個月進行一次,及至2004年6月起改為每六個月進行一次,以配合社會的發展。
  • 「巿民的身分認同」調查中3個問題的提問方式分別為「你會稱自己為香港人/中國人/香港的中國人/中國的香港人?」、「請你用0-10分表示你對香港人身份既認同感。10分代表絕對認同,0分代表絕不認同,5分代表一半半。你俾幾多分自己?」及「請你用0-10分表示你對中國人身份既認同感。10分代表絕對認同,0分代表絕不認同,5分代表一半半。你俾幾多分自己?」
  • 樣本數目方面,由調查開始至2000年4月期間,調查的樣本數目都稍為超過500個,在2000年6月以後,有關調查的樣本數目就增加至1,000個以上。
  • 民研計劃於1999年6月或以前所進行的「巿民身分認同」調查,結果都在由民研計劃發行的《民意快訊》中發表。及至2000年6月《民意網站》成立後,有關調查在2002年9月開始透過網站向外公佈,而以往透過民研計劃刊物《民意快訊》發表的調查結果,亦以不同形式上載到網站之中。

(初版:2006年12月21日新聞公報之附加資料)

Mapping people's opinions towards ethnic identity

Be it under British colonial rule or under "one country, two systems", Hong Kong has always been part of China. It thus seems natural for HKUPOP to survey people's opinion on various national and ethnical issues, if we can squeeze some resources. Moreover, the study of ethnic identity has always been one important element of all societal studies. Therefore, immediately after Hong Kong's handover, we embarked on conducting regular surveys on people's ethnic identity. The survey comprises two series. The first series deals with people's categorical ethnic identity, and the strength of Hong Kong or Chinese citizen identity, while the second series asks about people's citizenship and their desired ethnicity. We explain the development of the former series below, and reserve the latter for the future: 
  • Since August 1997, we began our regular surveys on Hong Kong people's opinions towards ethnic identity (first series). Starting from the beginning to June 2000, the survey was conducted once every two months, but between September 2000 and December 2003, its frequency was changed to once every three months. Since June 2004, it was further changed to once every six months to match the changing social conditions. 
  • In terms of wording, the 3 questions used in the questionnaire are "You would identify yourself as a Hong Kong citizen/Chinese citizen/Hong Kong Chinese citizen/Chinese Hong Kong citizen?", "Please use a scale of 0-10 to rate your strength of identity as a Hong Kong citizen, with 10 indicating extremely strong, 0 indicating extremely weak, and 5 indicating half-half. How would you rate yourself?" and "Please use a scale of 0-10 to rate your strength of identity as a Chinese citizen, with 10 indicating extremely strong, 0 indicating extremely weak, and 5 indicating half-half. How would you rate yourself?"
  • Regarding sample size, from the beginning to April 2000, the sample size of the survey was set at slightly over 500. From June 2000 onwards, it was increased to at least 1,000.
  • Our first findings of ethnic identity surveys in June 1999 or before were published in our newsletter POP Express. After our HKU POP Site was established in June 2000, the survey findings were released online since September 2002, respectively. All previous findings published in our POP Express were also uploaded on-line in various formats.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 21 December 2006)

 

     
     


本網站內一切內容與香港大學立場無關。民意專欄內的文章及民意平台內的言論及法律責任由作者自負,其餘內容則由民意研究計劃總監鍾庭耀博士負責。網站所載資料,包括問卷提問方式及各份研究報告,除非特別註明,知識產權皆由香港大學民意研究計劃擁有後,透過本網站向外全面開放。各界人士使用有關資料時,敬請註明出處。

香港大學民意研究計劃版權所有。 本網站由[email protected] 製作。最後更新 : 31/12/2009