自由指標:項目簡介
Freedom Indicators:A brief Description
 
   
本項目簡介會隨著社會變化和大眾需要而不斷更新
The content of this page will be updated from time to time to match societal changes and community needs.
 
自由指標調查簡介
Subjective "freedom indicators" surveys
 
 
自由指標調查簡介

社會指標調查是民眾監察社會發展的重要一環,民研計劃是1997年香港回歸前後推出有關調查,長期監察香港社會的新發展。有關「社會指標」及「法治指標」調查的發展,我們在2006年9月5日的新聞公報中已有介紹,今日我們集中介紹「自由指標」調查的發展。在我們的研究領域中,「自由指標」其實包括了10項主要指標,分別是「言論」、「新聞」、「出版」、「遊行示威」、「結社」、「罷工」、「出入境」、「學術研究」、「文藝創作」和「信仰」,而有關調查的發展如下:
  • 1997年8至11月期間,「自由指標」的調查每個月進行一次,然後改為每兩個月進行一次,2000年10月起改為每三個月進行一次,2006年1月之後漸次改為每半年進行一次,以配合社會的發展。
  • 「自由指標」調查的提問方式為「請你用0至10分評價一下香港xx自由既程度,10分代表絕對自由,0分代表絕對冇自由,5分代表一半半,你會比幾多分呢?」
  • 樣本數目方面,1997年8月至2000年3月期間,有關調查的樣本數目都稍為超過500個。在2000年5月以後,有關調查的樣本數目就增加至1,000個以上。

民研計劃早期於1997年8月至1999年8月進行的「自由指標」調查,結果都在由民研計劃發行的《民意快訊》中發表。及至2000年6月《民意網站》成立後,所有調查數據於2002年2月開始透過網站向外公佈,而以往透過民研計劃刊物《民意快訊》發表的調查結果,亦以不同形式上載到網站之中。

(初版:2007年1月23日新聞公報之附加資料)

Subjective "freedom indicators" surveys

Social indicator survey is an important way for the general public to monitor a society's development. HKUPOP first conducted such surveys around the handover of Hong Kong in 1997, in order to monitor the new development of Hong Kong society. Regarding the development of our surveys on "social indicators" and "rule of law indicators", we have explained them in our press release of September 5, 2006. Today, we concentrate on the development of "freedom indicators" survey. In our research domain, "freedom indicators" comprises 10 main indicators, namely, "freedom of speech", "freedom of press", "freedom of publication", "freedom of procession and demonstration", "freedom of association", "freedom to strike", "freedom to enter or leave Hong Kong", "freedom to engage in academic research", "freedom to engage in artistic and literary creation" and "freedom of religious belief". The development of these surveys is as follows: 
  • Between August and November 1997, our surveys on freedom indicators were conducted once a month. It was reduced to once every two months after that. In October 2000, it was further reduced to once every three months. Starting from January 2006, "freedom indicators" are surveyed once every six months to cope with the changing social conditions.
  • For the "freedom indicators" surveys, the question wordings used in the questionnaire are "Please use 0 - 10 to evaluate the extent of the freedom of XX in Hong Kong. 10 indicates absolute freedom, 0 indicates absolute lack of freedom, 5 indicates half-half. What do you think?"
  • Regarding the sample size, between August 1997 and March 2000, the sample size of all surveys was set at slightly over 500. Since May 2000, it was increased to at least 1,000.

The findings of our early "freedom indicators" surveys conducted between August 1997 and August 1999 were published in our newsletter POP Express. After our HKU POP Site was established in June 2000, such findings were released online since February 2002 while all previous findings published in our POP Express were also uploaded online in various formats.

(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 23 January 2007)

 

     


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